From the CCC Enrollees Handbook circa 1940:
THE Departments of Agriculture and the Interior are made up of many bureaus, each doing a specific kind of work. It is thru several of these bureaus that the departments plan and supervise the conservation work done by the CCC. Within each department, in Washington, there are small groups of officials who head up the operation of the CCC work projects. One official of each department represents the department on the CCC Director's advisory council. As with the Army, general plans for the conduct of CCC work, in conformity with CCC regulations and policies formulated by the Director and his council, are set up by these officials of the technical services, or using services, or work agencies, as they are termed. They pass on work projects suggested by the various bureaus of the department, and administer CCC funds allotted the technical services for supplies, equipment and personal salaries.
The bureaus within the departments, such as the U.S. Forest Service and the Soil Conservation Service of the Department of Agriculture and the National Park Service and BUreau of Reclamation in the Department of the Interior, actually supervise the work in the field. The Forest Service operates CCC work projects under its control through nine Regional offices of the Service, each directed by a Regional Forester. The SCS operates likewise, through eleven regions. Work in the national parks usually is under control of the superintendent of the park. All work projects must be approved by the Director of the CCC.
The technical services use members of their regular staff and specially employed civilians to supervise the operation of the work. There is a superintendent for each work project and as many foremen and technicians, such as landscape engineers, park planners, etc., as may be required on the project. These are civilians and are employed by the technical service under which they serve and are paid from CCC funds. The service also purchases equipment and supplies needed for CCC work, from CCC funds. All CCC conservation work is under exclusive control of the technical services and the departments of which they are a part. Thus, there is dual authority in a camp, with the Army in charge of the camp administration and the technical services in charge of the work project. Enrollees, while on the work project, are under authority of the technical services. At all other times they are under the control of the Army.
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